Halong Bay is located in north-eastern Vietnam, is part of the western Gulf of Tonkin, includes the bay of Ha Long City, Cam Pha town and part of Van Don
island district. South-western borders Cat Ba Island, the west mainland with a coastline of 120 km, the bay has a total area of 1,553 km2 including 1969 islands, of which 989 islands have a name, 980 islands do not have name. The World Heritage area is recognized as an area of 434 km2, including 775 islands, such as a triangle with three outstanding place for three conners in halong bay these are Dau Island (west), Ba Ham Lake (south) and Cong Tay Island (east) .
Halong Bay is a unique heritage sites because it contains important remnants of the formation and development of Earth's history, the cradle of the ancient Vietnamese residents, while the artworks is great shaping of nature, with the presence of thousands of limestone islands is multifaceted, with many interesting caves clustered into a vivid world has just mysterious. Besides, Ha Long Bay is also home to high biodiversity with typical eco-systems along, with thousands of animal and plant species are abundant and diverse. It is also associated with cultural values - the heroic history of the nation.
Aesthetic value: Ha Long Bay features a system of stone islands and beautiful caves. Islands in Halong Bay has two types of limestone and schist islands, concentrated in two main areas was the southeast region - Bai Tu Long Bay and southwestern regions of Halong Bay. This is the oldest image of the terrain with tectonic age of 250 - 280 million years, is the result of the campaign raised, lowered several times from the sunken continent into the sea. The process of karst erosion and weathering almost completely Halong create a unique world.
Hundreds of stone islands, each island carried a different shape very lively: Dau Nguoi island, Hon Rong, Hon La Vong, Sail island, Fighting Cock, Hon Lu Huong ... Implicit in the rocky islands he was magnificent caves associated with many miraculous legends as Thien Cung, Dau Go, Sung Sot, Trinh Nu, Tam Cung ... It really is the castle of the Creator on the world. For long time ago, Ha Long has been great feeling for the poets, According to Nguyen Trai "Wonders of Vietnam Land."
Recognition of the natural heritage of the world: 1962 Ministry of Culture - Information (Vietnam) has ranked Halong Bay as national heritage and planning the regional protection of Halong Bay. 1994 the center of Halong bay area was recognized World Natural Heritage by UNESCO with aesthetic value (criterion vii), and in 2000, it was re-recognized the 2nd time with outstanding value global-local geology appearance (criterion viii), With Nha Trang Bay and Lang Co Bay of Vietnam, Ha Long Bay is one of 29 Bays, it is the most beautiful bays in the world, ratings and officially recognized in July 2003 by the most beautiful bay club.
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