EXPLORE THE MAP OF VAN MIEU AS A HANOI TOURS GUIDE
(A layout of the most ancient relics in Hanoi)
Van Mieu Quoc Tu Giam is the Vietnamese name of Hanoi Temple of Literature which one of the most popular destinations for the domestic and foreigner tourists in Hanoi Tours. In the map of Hanoi, this relic is covered by Van Mieu - Quoc Tu Giam and Ton Duc Thang streets. It's about 15 - 20 minutes by car from the Old Quarter to Van Mieu (about 3 - 4 km).
Hanoi Temple of Literature on Google Map
Overall, there are many special things in the structure of Hanoi Temple of Literature that a lot of details that no longer exist in any relic in Hanoi.
In original, Van Mieu consists of a small lake in front of the main gate and the 5 courtyards inside the main area. Each courtyard has a special mission:
- The garden in Nhap Dao
- Great Central Courtyard
- Well of Heavenly Brilliance with the Doctors of Stelae garden
- Cong Dai Thanh (Dai Thanh gate)
- Dien Dai Thanh
Outside of Van Mieu, there is a special thing that is easy to find and miss when visiting the Temple of Literature is the horsemen stelae. Two words on the stele are the Han character. When the mandarins went to the temple, they had to stop the horse here, revise the costume to enter the temple.
Horseman stele in the outside of the temple
Next, to the horsemen stele are the four tall pillars. Above the pillars, there are some symbols of the mascot that was considered as the standing guard for the temple gate. According to legend, they could distinguish the good or bad people from going to the main gate of the Temple.
Inside the main gate is the first area of Van Mieu: The garden in Nhap Dao. Today this area consists of two small ponds and symmetrical paths through an axis that likes the old road for mandarins in the past.
First courtyard of the temple: The garden in Nhap Dao
Walking to the second courtyard, the biggest highlight is the Khue Van Cac (Star of Literature Pavilion) which is unique in Hanoi and Vietnam. The three-roofed archway symbolizing: Past - Present - Future has become the symbol of Hanoi city.
Khue Van Cac: Star of Literature Pavilion
Next to the Khue Van area is the most famous area that is preserved for hundreds of years: the doctors of steles. The stone steles on the turtles are also made of stone notions for longevity according to the concept of the Eastern. In the stele are the names of students, doctors who had the best result in many exams from 1442 to 1779
Doctor of Steles contain a part of Vietnam's history for hundreds of years
The next courtyard inside the Dai Thanh gate was the teaching and learning place of the students. In the past, there was a bookstore here right here.
The last area - Dien Dai Thanh - has had certain changes but is still the altar area. The Confucius, Chu Van An and Ly - Tran kings were worshipped here to honour that likes the respect for the studious spirit of Vietnamese. In this room, many artefacts have been kept for hundreds of years, such as the tools, costumes, books... of student and mandarins, the certificates of the Royal King for the students ...
A family is taking a memory photo inside the temple
There are many interesting things that are waiting to be discovered here. With the easy map to guide at Temple of Literature for Hanoi Tours, the tourist can be easy to know more about the ancient structure and the culture, history of Van Mieu.
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