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Sapa town

Sapa is a town in the highlands, is a famous hill-station of Sa Pa District, Lao Cai Province, Vietnam. It is covered by many wonders of nature, natural landscape and topography of the mountains, the green of the trees, making a painting with harmonious compositions, with romantic scenery and attractive landscape earth northwest region.Sapa town

Location: Sa Pa town is located on a ground at 1,500 to 1,650 meters in the mountainside of Suay Lo Tong. The peak of this mountain can be seen in the south-east of Sapa, with an elevation of 2228 meters. From the town overlooking the valley to the east and Ngoi Dum Muong Hoa valley in southwest

Climate: Located in the northwest of Vietnam, Sapa town at an altitude of 1,600 meters above sea level, it is 38 km from Lao Cai city and 376 km from Hanoi capital. Apart from the main roads from the city of Lao Cai to Sapa, it also is a route to other traffic that is connecting Highway 4-D Binh Lu, Lai Chau. Although the majority of Sa Pa district residents are from ethnic minorities, but the town focuses mainly the Kinh people in agriculture and tourism services.

Located in northern Vietnam, Sapa has a subtropical climate but is situated at high altitude due to cool air throughout the year. In summer the weather in town for one day with all four seasons: the morning is spring weather, noon weather like in summer, usually mild sunshine, balmy climate, afternoon clouds and mist falling induce feeling cold fresh autumn air and the cold night of winter. The average air temperature in Sapa town is in the 15 ° C. In the summer, the town does not have so much sun, it is about 13 ° C - 15 ° C at night and 20 ° C - 25 ° C in the daytime.  In the winter, it often is cold, the cloud covers and temperatures sometimes is below 0 ° C, sometimes with snow. Average annual precipitation is from 1,800 to 2,200 mm, mostly concentrated in the period from 5 to August.

Sa Pa Town is one of the places have snow in Vietnam. In the period from 1957 to 2013, has 21 times with the snow in Sapa. The biggest snowfall was on February 13, 1968, continuously from 3.00 am to 14.00 PM, it was with the thick of 20 cm.Sapa people

History: In 1897, the French colonial government decided to open an investigation on ethnic minority highland. The first investigation group to Lao Cai in 1898. Winter 1903, while conducting measurements mapping expedition geography of Indochina Department discovered the landscape of Sa Pa Tung Village. This work marked the launch of Sapa town.

In 1905 the French had collected the first information about the geography, climate, vegetation ... Sapa began to be known as the cool air, the fresh and beautiful scenery. In 1909 a built resorts. 1917, a tourist office was established in Sapa and a year later, the French began to build the first villas. In 1920, the railway Hanoi - Lao Cai accomplished, Sapa is considered the summer capital of North Vietnam. In total, the French had built nearly 300 villas in Sapa.

Sapa devastated by the border war in Vietnam - China 1979. Thousands of hectares of pine forests covering the town was burned, many ancient villas was built by France also destroyed. In the 1990s, Sapa was built, rebuilt again. Many hotels, the newly built villa. From the 40 rooms in 1990, up to 300 rooms in 1995. In 2003, Sapa has about 60 large & small hotels with 1,500 rooms. The number of tourists coming to Sapa increased from 2,000 visitors in 1991 to 60,000 in 2002.Sapa mountain

Sapa name: Sapa name is derived from the Mandarin. In Mandarin pronounced SA PẢ or "Sand" because of Sapa town is here only a sand ground where was local people often used for marketplace.

From the word "Sa Pả," Westerners pronounced with the unsigned “ Sa Pa” and they were written in French the two letters that the "Cha Pa" and a very long time and then Sapa was used by Name "Cha Pa" as one from Vietnamese. Later, this word was written Sapa agreed.

Ethnic People: It is inhabited by 6 group of ethnic groups: Kinh, Hmong, Red Dao, Tay, Giay & Xa Pho.

Tourist attractive places in Sapa: Sapa Ancient Rock Field, Fansipan Mountain and Hoang Lien Son national Park, Ham Rong Flower Garden, Ta Phin Village, Ta Van Village, Cat Cat Village, Ban Ho Village, Muong Hoa Valley, Sin Chai Village, Thac Bac Waterfall, Tinh Yeu Waterfall, Ta Giang Phinh Village, Ancient Church, Bac Ha Market.

The best tours in SapaSapa classic tour - 3 daysSapa Bac Ha Market – 4 DaysSapa Easy Trekking – 4 daysSapa Hard Trekking – 5 daysConquering Fansipan Peak – 4 days.


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